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Bulgaria - cultural landscape in southern sun Print
Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 15 January 2013
ImageThe geographic position/situation of Bulgaria as a crossroads between the East and West, provides the extremely rich and diverse cultural heritage of the country. Thracians, Greeks, Romans, Slavs, Protobulgarian, Byzantines and Ottomans left behind their traces in what is Bulgaria today.  Bulgaria is the homeland of the mystical singer Orpheus and the legendary Gladiator Spartacus. Many traditions and today-practices in Bulgaria (such as the Nestinari Dance and The Day of Wine for example) could be traced back to Thracian times.


The highlight of the archaeological finds in the region is undoubtedly the world oldest golden treasure found in a Thracian tomb in Varna. It is dated about 4600 years BC. You can see it in the Archaeological Museum in Varna.

ImageOf the countless Bulgarian cultural and natural monuments, nine are included in UNESCO World Heritage Site, and further 13 monuments are on the "waiting list".  The best known is the picturesque Rila Monastery. Isolated midst of wild-romantic Rila Mountains, it is a witness of the tumultuous history of Bulgaria.


UNESCO World Heritage Site Bulgaria (W = waiting list):
•  Thracian tomb near Kazanlak (the oldest tomb from the 4th century BC, and the only one in Europe with a   well-preserved wall paintings Hellenistic)
•  Thracian tomb at Svestari (3rd century BC)
•  Old town of Nessebar (alone between the 11th and 14th centuries, more than 40 churches erected)
•  Early medieval monumental relief of the Madara Horseman
•  Rock churches in Ivanovo
•  Church Bojana
•  The picturesque Rila Monastery
•  Natural Park Pirin
•  Srebarna Natural park
•  Neolithic excavations in Stara Zagora City of Poets and Linden (W)
•  Magoura cave with wall paintings from the Bronze Age (W)
•  Old city Nicopolis at Istrum (W)
•  Primal grave site near Silistra (W)
•  Monastery Bachkovski (W)
•  Melnik and the Rozhen Monastery (W)
•  Rock landscape Belogradchik (W) (aka Bulgarian stone hendge)
•  The Vratsa Karst (W)
•  Balkan Central Park (W)
• National Park Roussensky Lom (W)
•  Natural Monument Pobiti Kamani (W)
•  Old city of Plovdiv (W)
•  Thracian tomb with wall paintings at Alexandrovo (W)


Last Updated ( Sunday, 09 February 2014 )
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